CPR (In Force as from 1st July 2013)
The Construction Products Regulation (305/2011/EU - CPR) which repeals the Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC - CPD), was adopted on 9 March 2011. The main provisions come into force on 1 July 2013.
Construction products that are covered by the scope of a harmonised European Standard (hEN) have to be CE marked in order to be placed on the European market. This is an obligatory process required by law. Please click here to access the list of harmonised European Standards.
It is also possible to voluntarily affix the CE marking to products not covered, or not fully covered, by a hEN. This needs to be done through a European Technical Assessment (ETA) issued by a Technical Assessment Body (TAB).
The scope of the CPR is limited to regulated issues under seven basic requirements for construction works:
Mechanical resistance and stability
Safety in case of fire
Hygiene, health and the environment
Safety and accessibility in use
Protection against noise
Energy economy and heat retention
Sustainable use of natural resources
Performance requirements applicable to constructions products are not harmonised across the EU and vary between Member States. Therefore, although a product may have CE marking it may not be suitable for particular applications or for use within some member states.
The aim of the CPR is to ensure that when construction products are placed on the European market, reliable information on the performance of such products is made available. This is achieved by providing a common technical language, offering uniform assessment methods of the performance of construction products.
This common technical language is to be applied by:
the manufacturers when declaring the performance of their products;
the authorities of Member States when specifying requirements for them;
the users of construction products (e.g. architects, engineers, constructors...) when choosing the products most suitable for their intended use in construction works.
Declaration of Performance
When a product is covered by a harmonised European standard (hEN) or a European Technical Assessment (ETA) the manufacturer shall declare information about the performance of his construction product in relation to a series of essential characteristics. This information shall be declared by drawing up a Declaration of Performance (DoP) according to the model set out in Annex III of the CPR.
The manufacturer does not need to declare the performance for every characteristic of a construction product. However, he needs to declare the performance for all those characteristics for which there are provisions (i.e. regulations or technical rules) in relation to the intended use or uses in the Member States where he intends the product to be made available on the market.
All the information which is declared has to be obtained by applying the testing methods and criteria set out in the relevant harmonised technical specification, and after having appropriately involved a Notified Body. Please click here for the list of Notified Bodies.
The required involvement of the Notified Body depends on the applicable system of Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance (AVoCP) which is set out in the relevant harmonised technical specification.
By drawing up the DoP, the manufacturer assumes the responsibility for the conformity of his construction product with the declared performance.
The user of the Construction Product will then decide, on the basis of the information contained in the DoP, which particular construction product to use for a particular intended use.
After having drawn up the DoP, the manufacturer shall affix the CE marking to his product and by doing so he declares that he followed all applicable procedures for the drawing up of the DoP.
Presentation of Documentation
All documentation, including the Declaration of Performance and any other certificates, must be presented in Maltese or English.